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Arctic Ocean basin

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Coverage:
Waters flowing into the Arctic Ocean.
Explicit inclusions:
Back River, Baillie River (almost always travelled as part of a Back or Ellice trip and so not cross-listed in NT), Burnside River, Coppermine River (entries are listed also in NT, as appropriate), Ellice River, Hayes River, Hood River, Kaleet River, Mara River, Meadowbank River.

Back River. Information.
Wikipedia.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Back_River
Back, George. Narrative of the Arctic land expedition to the mouth of the Great Fish River, and along the shores of the Arctic Ocean, in the years 1833, 1834 and 1835. A and W Calignani, Paris (1836). A must-have for any Back paddler. CD version: http://www.cd-books.com . Some libraries have microfiche copies, some it offer on-line.
Barr, William. Searching for Franklin: The Land Arctic Searching Expedition (James Anderson's and James Stewart's Expedition via the Back River). The Hakluyt Society, London (1999). Contains a copy of Anderson's journal and much of the correspondence.
Choque, Charles. Joseph Buliard: Fisher of Men. R C Episcopal Corporation, Churchill (1987). A biography of Father Buliard, largely Back-specific.
Clarke, C H D. Chief Factor James Anderson's Back River Journal of 1855. The Canadian Field-Naturalist. Vol LIV; pp 63-67, 84-89, 107-109, 125-126 and 134-136 (Sep-Dec 1940). Vol LV; pp 9-11, 21-26 and 38-44 (Jan-Mar 1941). Another source for Anderson's journal is Barr.
Cundy, Robert. Beacon Six. Eyre & Spottiswoode, London (1970). 1962. Back-specific but of more general interest. The intention was to find and examine a cairn on Cape Brittania in the hope that Franklin's party had used it; in fact, the cairn had been examined for that very reason some years earlier.
From the diary of participant Russell Polden, 27 August:
... carried the canoe ... over a mossy hill where a cairn had been built. ... On the way back, investigated the cairn, making an interesting discovery. Nearby was a man-made pile of rocks, formed in a closely-knit circle. On examination, I found a skull, a human skull. We presumed it to be an Eskimo grave. After filming the area, I took the skull for later examination. Most interesting.
No one objected, the devout Christian included. Would they have done the same if the grave had been marked with a cross? Old attitudes die hard.
Drought, George and Barbara Burton. Video 42 Days ... Back River 2000. http://www.wildernessbound.com .
Gaskin, Fred. 1972 Back River Canoe Expedition: Sussex Lake to Chantrey Inlet, N.W.T.; July 16, 1972 to August 10, 1972. Unpublished trip report.
Lentz, John. Che-Mun, http://www.canoe.ca/che-mun, Outfits 100 and 101 (Spring and Summer 2000 issues, pp 6, 7, 8 & 11 in both). 1962 trip, with Kit Gregg, Austin Hoyt and Tracy Perry.
McCreadie, Mary. Canoeing Canada’s Northwest Territories: A Paddler’s Guide. Canadian Recreational Canoeing Association, Merrickville (1995).
Mellenthin, Freda. Wind on the Back River. 2002 trip with Ted Mellenthin. Unpublished. Available at http://www.myccr.com/canoedb/routeDetai ... outeid=791
Pelly, David F. Expedition: An Arctic Journey Through History On George Back's River. Betelgeuse Books, Toronto (1981).
Perkins, Robert F. Into the Great Solitude; An Arctic Journey. Henry Holt & Co., New York; Fitzhenry & Whiteside Ltd., Markham (1991).
Perkins, Robert F. Video Into the great solitude. New Film Company: newfilmco@aol.com , http://www.gotrob.com .
Strusik, Ed. Canoeing in the Northwest Territories: The Back River. Unpublished.
Templeman, Bill. Captain Back's Route, in Canoe Journal; special issue of Canoe and Kayak, http://www.canoekayak.com , 2004, pp 40-43.
Wilkie, R J and W J Breckenridge. Naturalists on the Back River. The Beaver, Spring 1955, pp 42-45; The Beaver, Summer 1955, pp 9-13. Base camp 15 miles below the mouth of the Meadowbank (I assume this to be the site of the present-day structures on river left, at the bend). The authors paddled from Macdougall Lake (likely the Lower, reached by float plane) to the base camp; they researched also a reach below the base camp. Thanks to Clayton Klein's Cold Summer Wind for the reference.

Back River. Features.
Ed note: I'll get around sometime to completing the following.
Sussex Lake, Muskox Lake, Jim Magrum Lake, Gold Lake, Malley Rapids, Beechey Lake, Baillie River confluence, Hawk Rapids, Pelly Lake, Upper Garry Lake, Garry Lake, Lower Garry Lake, Buliard Lake, Upper MacDougall Lake, Lower MacDougall Lake, Rock Rapids, Sinclair Falls, Sandhill Rapids, Wolf Rapids, Meadowbank River confluence, Hermann River confluence, Montresor River confluence, McKay Peak, Whirlpool Rapids, Franklin Lake, Franklin Falls, Mistake River confluence, Hayes River confluence, Chantrey Inlet.
Features omitted from the above include confluences of the following rivers: Icy, Contwoyto, Siorak, Warren, Jervoise, McKinley, Consul, Bullen.

Back River. Jim Magrum Lake to Hayes River. Online, Journal, Guide.
Source: Canadian Canoe Routes, Nunavut Forum.
Author: Allan Jacobs.
Route description: Back River at Jim Magrum Lake (by float plane from Yellowknife), Gold Lake, Malley Rapids, Beechey Lake, Baillie River confluence, Hawk Rapids, Pelly Lake, Upper Garry Lake, Garry Lake, Lower Garry Lake, Buliard Lake, Upper MacDougall Lake, Lower MacDougall Lake, Rock Rapids, Sinclair Falls, Sandhill Rapids, Wolf Rapids, Meadowbank River confluence, Hermann River confluence, Whirlpool Rapids, Franklin Lake, Franklin Falls, almost to Hayes River confluence.
http://www.myccr.com/SectionForums/view ... 13&t=31348

Back River. Meadowbank River to Chantrey Inlet. Online, Journal, Photos.
Ed note: Segment of a trip from Wollaston Lake to Chantrey Inlet via the Fond du Lac, Chipman, Dubawnt, Thelon, Meadowbank and Back Rivers.
Authors: Borealis Paddling Expedition 2005.
Route description: Wollaston Lake, Selwyn Lake, Beverly Lake and Thelon River, Meadowbank River; Back River, Hermann River confluence, Montresor River confluence, McKay Peak, Whirlpool Rapids, Franklin Lake, Franklin Falls, Chantrey Inlet; boat ride to Gjoa Haven.
http://www.borealispaddlingexpedition.com/z2005.html
Route:
http://www.borealispaddlingexpedition.c ... route.html
Photos and trip updates:
http://www.borealispaddlingexpedition.c ... dates.html

Back River. Jim Magrum Lake to Meadowbank River. Book, Journal.
Source: Klein, Clayton. Cold Summer Wind. Wilderness Adventure Books, Lansing (1985).
Route description: Back River at Jim Magrum Lake(?), Gold Lake, Malley Rapids, Beechey Lake, Baillie River confluence, Hawk Rapids, Pelly Lake, Upper Garry Lake, Garry Lake, Lower Garry Lake, Buliard Lake, Upper MacDougall Lake, Lower MacDougall Lake, Rock Rapids, Sinclair Falls, Sandhill Rapids, Wolf Rapids, up the Meadowbank River to its headwaters. The intention was to continue to the Thelon and Baker Lake but they got a plane ride.
Ed note: This report is filed also under Meadowbank River.

Back River. Sussex Lake to Meadowbank River. Online, Journal.
Source: Ray-Way library.
Ed note: Segment of trip from Sussex Lake to Baker Lake.
Authors: Ray and Jenny Jardine.
Route description: Sussex Lake, Back River, Icy River confluence, Muskox Lake, Muskox Rapids, Contwoyto River confluence, Jim Magrum Lake, Gold Lake, Malley Rapids, Beechey Lake, Baillie River confluence, Hawk Rapids, Pelly Lake, Upper Garry Lake, Garry Lake, Lower Garry Lake, Buliard Lake, Upper MacDougall Lake, Lower MacDougall Lake, Rock Rapids, Sinclair Falls, Sandhill Rapids, Wolf Rapids, up Meadowbank River, height-of-land portage, Thelon River, Baker Lake.
Ed note: Report is filed also under Meadowbank River but not under Thelon River.
http://www.rayjardine.com/adventures/19 ... /index.htm

Baillie River and Back River. Online, Journal, Photos.
Source: Guillemot Kayaks library.
Author: Gail E Ferris..
Route description: Float plane from Yellowknife to unspecified point on the Baillie River, below Moraine Lake; Back River confluence; pickup by float plane at an unspecified point and return to Yellowknife.
Ed note: Extensive notes by a naturalist.
Title at source: Paddling the Baillie River in the Barren-Grounds of Canada.
http://www.guillemot-kayaks.com/Trips/G ... er1990.htm

Burnside River. Information.
1. Access is often from Contwoyto Lake.
2. The Mara River joins the Burnside a few days' travel above Bathurst Inlet.
3. Egress is usually directly from Bathurst Inlet Lodge but I’ve heard of a least one party getting picked up above the canyon so as to avoid the lengthy portage.
4. The Burnside lies entirely within Nunavut.

Burnside River. Features.
To be written.

Burnside River. Notes.
McCreadie, Mary. Canoeing Canada’s Northwest Territories: A Paddler’s Guide. Canadian Recreational Canoeing Association, Merrickville (1995).

Burnside River. Notes.
Raffan, James. Summer North of Sixty: by Paddle and Portage across the Barren Lands. Key Porter Books, Toronto (1990).
Route description: Munn Lake, Margaret Lake, Back Lake, Aylmer Lake, Glowworm Lake, Pellatt Lake, Contwoyto Lake, Kathawachaga Lake, Bathurst Inlet.

Coppermine River. Information.
Canadian Heritage Rivers System. Nominated.
http://www.chrs.ca/Rivers/Coppermine/coppermine_e.htm
National Parks Service report. A Wild Rivers Survey. 1972. Fred & Sue Cramp, Greg Ewert and John Horricks.
Information on Kugluk Territorial Park at Bloody Falls.
http://www.nunavutparks.com/parks-speci ... rview.aspx
Buetow, David. The Dismal Lakes. The Beaver, Summer 1978, pp 36-41. Ascent of the Kendall River from the Coppermine and return. Thanks to Clayton Klein's Cold Summer Wind for the reference.
Douglas, George Mellis. Lands Forlorn: A Story of an Expedition to Hearne’s Coppermine River. Putnam New York (1914). Fascinating account, with many photographs, a classic. Largely Coppermine-specific but of general interest. The first edition is rare and very expensive. The second edition, by Robert S Hildebrand, was published by Zancudo Press in 2008. Hurrah!
Franklin, John. Journey to the Polar Sea. Introduction by James P Delgado. Conway Maritime Press (2000).
Goering, Jack. Trip report, 1966, Lac de Gras to Kugluktuk; with Eric & Pamela Morse, Bill & Tom Mathers, Angus Scott, Arch Jones and Pierre Trudeau. Uses the rapids numbering scheme of Richard Martin (1962, with ? Miller). Unpublished.
Grater, Wendy. Trip report, 1977, Lac de Gras to Kugluktuk; with Jake Fallis, Fred Loosemore, Jim Raffan, Cathy Laing and Norm Frost. Unpublished.
Jenkins, McKay. Bloody Falls of the Coppermine. Random House, New York (2005). Coppermine-specific but of general interest.
Matteson, Bob. Trip report, 1970, Lac de Gras to Kugluktuk; with son Sumner, John Lentz and Bob O'Hara. Refers to Eric Morse as "the Sigurd Olson of Canada"! I believe some of the historical information to be incorrect. Unpublished.
Morse, Eric W. Abridged version of Franklin's journal. Unpublished (1970).
Repp, David. Down the Coppermine. The Beaver, Summer 1972, pp 18-25. Rae, Slemon Lake, Snare River, Winter Lake, Point Lake, Kugluktuk. Thanks to Clayton Klein's Cold Summer Wind for the reference.
Richardson, John. Arctic Ordeal. Edited by C Stuart Houston. McGill-Queen's University Press (1984).
Verbeek, Peter. Handwritten trip report, 1993, Providence Lake to Kugluktuk; with Joop Steinfort, Ralph Zaffran and Doug Niles. Unpublished.
Verbeek, Peter. Report of 1993 trip. Nastawgan, Spring 1994, Volume 21, No. 1.

Coppermine River. Features.
To be prepared.

Coppermine River. Notes.
McCreadie, Mary. Canoeing Canada’s Northwest Territories: A Paddler’s Guide. Canadian Recreational Canoeing Association, Merrickville (1995).

Coppermine River. Online, Guide.
Source: NT Government Library.
Coverage: Point Lake to Kugluktuk.
Alternate starting points: Lac de Gras, Source Lake, Winter Lake, Redrock Lake and Rawalpindi Lake.
http://spectacularnwt.com/sites/stage.s ... priver.pdf

Coppermine River. Hepburn River to Kugluktuk. Online, Photos.
Ed note: Reach of a longer trip.
Author: Michael Peake (HACC).
Route description: Hepburn River confluence, Coppermine River features, Kendall River confluence, Kugluktuk.
http://www.canoe.ca/AllAboutCanoes/canoe_photos_4.html

Coppermine River. Hepburn River to Kendall River. Online, Journal, Photos.
Source: Canadian Canoe Routes, Nunavut Forum.
http://www.myccr.com/SectionForums/viewforum.php?f=126
Author: Mike_W.
Route description: Flight from Yellowknife to Plummer’s Lodge on Great Bear Lake, float plane to the Coppermine River (at the mouth of the Hepburn River); Coppermine River, NU border, White Sandy River confluence, Fairy Lake River confluence, Vaillant Creek confluence, Morceau Creek confluence, Iceberg Creek confluence, Hook River confluence, Big Bend, Quicksand Creek confluence, Bigtree River confluence, Rocky Defile Rapids, Kendall River confluence; float plane to Plummer’s Lodge, flight to Yellowknife.
Ed note: Contains a list of campsites with locations and comments.
Ed note: ffdjm's post on 27 October gives a schedule for a trip up the Kendall River from the Coppermine River and down the Dease River to Great Bear Lake.
Title at source: Middle Coppermine August 2 – 13 2009.
http://www.myccr.com/SectionForums/view ... 26&t=33930

Coppermine River. From Snare River and Starvation River. Rae to Kugluktuk. Notes.
Ed note: Posted also under Snare River, Nunavut Routes.
Source: Thomas, Alister. Canada’s Best Canoe Routes.. Boston Mills Press, Erin (2001).
Author: Shawn Hodgins.
Route description: Rae, Russell Lake and Snare River, ... , Snare Lake, Winter Lake and site of Fort Enterprise, Big Lake, Starvation River, Point Lake and Coppermine River (features),
Title at source: Snare-Coppermine Rivers: Following John Franklin’s 1820 Expedition.

Coppermine River. Rocknest Lake to Kugluktuk. Notes.
Source: Thomas, Alister. More of Canada’s Best Canoe Routes. Boston Mills Press, Erin (2003).
Author: Bert Horwood.
Title at source: Five Northern Rivers: A Wanderer in Enchanted Lands: Inner Responses to the Outer Landscape.

Ellice River. Notes.
Source: Thomas, Alister. More of Canada’s Best Canoe Routes. Boston Mills Press, Erin (2003).
Author: Bert Horwood.
Title at source: Five Northern Rivers: A Wanderer in Enchanted Lands: Inner Responses to the Outer Landscape.

Hood River. Information.
To be written.

Hood River. Features.
To be written.

Hood River. Notes.
Source: McCreadie, Mary. Canoeing Canada’s Northwest Territories: A Paddler’s Guide. Canadian Recreational Canoeing Association, Merrickville (1995).
Ed note: The Hood lies entirely within Nunavut.

Hood River. Cave Lake to Arctic Sound. Online, Journal, Photos, Video.
Source: Private site.
Author: R K Groff.
Route description (Ed note: Neither Cave Lake nor any of the named rapids appears at Toporama): Cave Lake, … , Wright River confluence, Sellwood River confluence, Booth River confluence, Wilberforce Falls, James River confluence, Arctic Sound.
Photos:
http://midcan.tripod.com/hood_river_2005/
Wilberforce movie and photos:
http://rkgroff.tripod.com/

Mara River. Information.
1. Known starting points are Nose Lake, just downstream from Nose Lake and an esker well downstream.
2. It’s inconceivable to me that any party would not continue down the Burnside.
3. The Mara lies entirely within Nunavut.

Mara River. Features.
To be written.

Mara River. Notes.
McCreadie, Mary. Canoeing Canada’s Northwest Territories: A Paddler’s Guide. Canadian Recreational Canoeing Association, Merrickville (1995).

Morse River and Armark River. Morse River headwaters to Queen Maud Gulf, via Garry Lake. Online, Journal, Photos.
Source: Canadian Canoe Routes, Nunavut Forum.
Author: Doug Flint.
Route description: Float plane to lake (coordinates given) near the headwaters of the Morse, Morse River, Upper Garry Lake, Garry Lake, north arm, string of lakes and height-of-land portage, Armark Lake and River, Queen Maud Gulf.
Title at source: Morse & Armark Rivers 2010 Trip Report.
http://www.myccr.com/SectionForums/view ... 26&t=36568

Morse River and Back River; from Thelon River. Selwyn Lake to Chantrey Inlet. Notes.
Ed note: Posted also under Dubawnt River, Hudson Bay basin.
Source: Thomas, Alister. Canada’s Best Canoe Routes.. Boston Mills Press, Erin (2001).
Author: Michael Peake.
Route description: Selwyn Lake (by float plane from Lynn Lake), Wholdaia Lake, Dubawnt River, Barlow Lake, Thelon River, Thelon canyon, Hanbury River confluence, Ursus Islands, break north, headwaters of the Morse River, Garry Lake and Back River, Chantrey Inlet.
Title at source: Journey Across the Barrenlands.