Nunavut Resources

Thanks to Tom H, jmc and paddlenorth for tips on links.

Environmental NGOs.
Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society.
Canadian Wildlife Federation.
Canadian Environmental Network.
Sierra Club, Canada.
Nature Conservancy Canada; Alberta and The North. ... b_ncc_work
Conservation de la nature Canada; Alberta et le Nord. ... b_cnc_work

Parks Canada.
National Parks of Canada; Nunavut.
National Historic Sites of Canada; Nunavut. ... eux74.aspx

Canadian Aboriginal Cultural Resources.
Ed note: The source for these links is the Canadian Canoe Museum.
Aboriginal Canada Portal. ... index.html
Aboriginal Canada Portal; Heritage and Traditions. ... 26711.html
Native American Technology and Art.

Handbook of the North American Indians.
William C Sturtevant, General Editor.
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.
Volume 3: Environment, Origins, and Population.
Douglas H Ubelaker, Editor.
The natural environment of the continent to which Indian cultures adapted in prehistoric and historic times, natural resources utilized by these cultures, current knowledge of the earliest Indian occupation (before 9,000 BC), and human biology of Indian and Eskimo (Inuit) populations, prehistoric, historic and modern. 2006.
Volume 4: History of Indian-White Relations.
Wilcomb E Washburn, Editor.
History of Indian-White relations in the US and Canada following 1492. 1988.
Volume 5: Arctic.
David Damas, Editor.
Eskimo, Inuit and Aleut of US, Canada, Greenland and USSR. 1984.
Volume 6: Subarctic.
June Helm, Editor.
Indians from interior Alaska to Labrador. 1981.
Volume 17: Languages.
Ives Goddard, Editor.
Native languages of North America spoken by American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts. 1996.

General information, offline.
Ed note: Some of these sources are cited also in the Route Information stickys, under the appropriate river.
Arctic Cairn Notes; Canoeists' Reflections on the Hanbury-Thelon and Kazan Rivers. Betelgeuse Books, Toronto (1997). Filed also in the paragraph Paddling information.
The Fifth Thule Expedition, 1921-1924. The Danish Ethnographical and Geographical Expedition from Greenland to the Pacific. Articles by Kaj Birket-Smith, Therkel Mathiassen and Knud Rasmussen. 10 volumes.
Ed note. I haven’t looked at it. Access to this study seems to require either academic credentials or a nearby university library with a good collection.
Back, George. Narrative of the Arctic land expedition to the mouth of the Great Fish River, and along the shores of the Arctic Ocean, in the years 1833, 1834 and 1835. A and W Calignani, Paris (1836).
Ed notes:
1. A must-have for any Back paddler.
2. CD version: .
3. Some libraries have microfiche copies, some it offer on-line.
Barr, William. Searching for Franklin: The Land Arctic Searching Expedition (James Anderson's and James Stewart's Expedition via the Back River). The Hakluyt Society, London (1999).
Ed note: Contains a copy of Anderson's journal and much of the correspondence.
Bastedo, Jamie. Shield Country: The Life and Times of the Oldest Piece of the Planet. Red Deer Press, Calgary (Red Deer?) (2002).
Ed note: I haven’t looked at it and don’t know whether the level is appropriate for its inclusion here.
Bastedo, Jamie. Reaching North: A Celebration of the Subarctic. Red Deer Press, Calgary (Red Deer?) (2002).
Ed note: I haven’t looked at it and don’t know whether the level is appropriate for its inclusion here.
Bennet, John and Susan Rowley (compiled and edited by). Uqalurait: An Oral History of Nunavut. McGill - Queen's University Press (2008).
Bertulli, Margaret (editor and compiler). Archaeological Field Work in the Northwest Territories, Canada in 1997. Archaeology Report No. 19.[/color]
Ed note: Includes work on the Harvaqtuuq Historic Site, Kazan River. ... hrep97.htm
Calef, George. Caribou and the barren-lands. Canadian Arctic Resources Committee. Firefly Books, Willowdale (1995).
Choque, Charles. Joseph Buliard: Fisher of Men. R C Episcopal Corporation, Churchill (1987).
Ed note: A biography of Father Buliard, largely Back-specific.
Christian, Edgar. Death in the Barren Ground. Edited by George Whalley. Oberon Press, Ottawa (1980).
Ed notes:
1. Includes letters consciously omitted from earlier versions.
2. Thelon-specific but of general interest.
Clarke, C H D. Chief Factor James Anderson's Back River Journal of 1855. The Canadian Field-Naturalist. Vol LIV; pp 63-67, 84-89, 107-109, 125-126 and 134-136 (Sep-Dec 1940). Vol LV; pp 9-11, 21-26 and 38-44 (Jan-Mar 1941). Another source for Anderson's journal is Barr.
Cundy, Robert. Beacon Six. Eyre & Spottiswoode, London (1970). 1962. Back-specific but of more general interest.
Ed notes:
1. The intention was to find and examine a cairn on Cape Brittania in the hope that Franklin's party had used it; in fact, the cairn had been examined for that very reason some years earlier.
2. From the diary of participant Russell Polden, 27 August:
... carried the canoe ... over a mossy hill where a cairn had been built. ... On the way back, investigated the cairn, making an interesting discovery. Nearby was a man-made pile of rocks, formed in a closely-knit circle. On examination, I found a skull, a human skull. We presumed it to be an Eskimo grave. After filming the area, I took the skull for later examination. Most interesting.
No one objected, the devout Christian included. Would they have done the same if the grave had been marked with a cross? Old attitudes die hard.
Douglas, George Mellis. Lands Forlorn: A Story of an Expedition to Hearne’s Coppermine River. Putnam New York (1914).
Ed notes:
1. Fascinating account, with many photographs, a classic.
2. Largely Coppermine-specific but of general interest.
3. The original edition is rare and very expensive. The second edition, by Robert S Hildebrand, was published by Zancudo Press in 2008. Hurrah!
Douglas, W O. Last Resort. The Beaver, Summer 1972, pp 52-55.
Ed note: Rescue of a young female, sole survivor from a camp of 12 people in the Baker Lake area. Thanks to Clayton Klein's Cold Summer Wind.
Douglas, W O. The Quangwak Affair. The Beaver, Summer 1976, pp 15-21; The Beaver, Autumn 1976, pp 45-49. Yathkyed Lake and Baker Lake; contents not noted. Thanks to Clayton Klein's Cold Summer Wind.
Douglas, W O. All in a Winter’s Patrol. The Beaver, Winter 1978, pp 9-14. Photos of Baker Lake. Thanks to Clayton Klein, Cold Summer Wind.
Franklin, John. Journey to the Polar Sea. Introduction by James P Delgado. Conway Maritime Press (2000).
Grinnell, George James. A Death on the Barrens; a true story. Northern Books, Toronto (1996).
Ed notes:
1. The second edition was published by Heron Dance Press in 2006.
2. I have listed it here (rather than under the Dubawnt) because the report is of general interest.
3. Route: Stony Rapids, Chipman Portage, Bompas Lake, Selwyn Lake, Wholdaia Lake, Dubawnt River, Thelon River, Baker Lake.
Hall, Alex M. Discovering Eden: A Lifetime of Paddling Arctic Rivers. Key Porter Books, Toronto (2003).
Hall, Alex M and Dennis R Voigt. Seven Rivers North. The Beaver, Summer 1976, pp 25-33.
Route: SK-NT border 50 miles above Lake Athabasca, Dubawnt River, Elk River, Thelon River, Mary Frances River, Hanbury River, Lockhart River (through Aylmer Lake, but not up the Thonokied River), Coppermine River, Coppermine (Kugluktuk). Thanks to Clayton Klein, Cold Summer Wind.
Hall, Alex M. Alone in the Barrens. The Beaver, Spring 1980, pp 34-39.
Route: Lac de Gras, Coppermine River, Desteffany Lake, unnamed river, Yamba Lake, Contwoyto Lake, Burnside River, Bathurst Inlet Lodge. Thanks to Clayton Klein's Cold Summer Wind.
Hall, Ed (Editor). People and Caribou in the Northwest Territories. Dept of Renewable Resources, Government of the Northwest Territories, Yellowknife (1989).
Hallendy, Norman. Inuksuit, Silent Messengers of the Arctic. Douglas & McIntyre Ltd, Vancouver (2000).
Harper, Francis. Caribou Eskimos of the Upper Kazan River, Keewatin. University of Kansas, Museum of Natural History; Allen Press, Lawrence (1964).
Ed notes:
1. Kazan-specific but of general interest.
2. A biography of Francis Harper is posted at
Harrington, Richard. Richard Harrington: Canadian Photographer. Alaska Northwest Publishing, Edmonds (1998).
Hearne, Samuel. A Journey from Prince of Wales's Fort in Hudson's Bay to the Northern Ocean … In the Years 1769, 1770, 1771 and 1772.
Ed notes:
1. The J B Tyrrell Edition is available in the digital section of the Champlain Society ... igital.htm
2. The Rod Davidek edition, entitled Arctic Dawn: The Journeys of Samuel Hearne. is available at ... itle2.html
3. By the way, the … in the above title stands for undertaken by order of the Hudson’s Bay Company for the Discovery of Copper Mines, a North West Passage, &c.
Hoare, W H B. Journal of a Barrenlander. MOM Printing, Ottawa (1990).
Ed note: Largely Thelon-specific but of general interest.
Hodgins, Bruce W and Gwyneth Hoyle. Canoeing North into the Unknown: A Record of River Travel: 1874 to 1974. Natural Heritage / Natural History Inc, Toronto (1994).
Ed note: Lists early travellers and further sources. Refers many times to the "Morse files" re reports of early trips; I wish that these were readily available.
Holland, Lynda, Larry Hewitt and Celina Janvier. The Dene Elders Project: Stories and History from the Westside, Holland-Dalby Educational Consulting (2002).
Holland, Lynda, Larry Hewitt and Mary Ann Kkailther: They Will Have Our Words: The Dene Elders Project, Volume 2, Holland-Dalby Educational Consulting (2003).
Houston, C Stuart (editor). To the Arctic by Canoe 1819-1821; The Journal and Paintings of Robert Hood (midshipman with Franklin). McGill-Queen’s University Press (1974).
Jenkins, McKay. Bloody Falls of the Coppermine. Random House, New York (2005).
Ed note: Coppermine-specific but of general interest.
Keith, Darren. Inuit Place Names and Land-use History on the Harvaqtuuq (Kazan River), Nunavut Territory. MA thesis in Geography, McGill University (2000).
Ed notes:
1. Kazan-specific but of general interest.
2. Available to academic users from
Klein, Clayton, with Darrell Klein. Cold Summer Wind. Wilderness Adventure Books, Lansing (1985). Filed also in the paragraph Paddling information.
Labenski, Ed. Bibliography on the Inland Central Inuit. ... biblio.pdf
Labenski, Ed. Bibliography on the Dene and other Northern First Nations. ... biblio.pdf
Mallet, Thierry. Glimpses of the Barren Lands. Revillon Frères, New York (1930).
McCreadie, Mary. Canoeing Canada’s Northwest Territories: A Paddler’s Guide. Canadian Recreational Canoeing Association, Merrickville (1995). Filed also in the paragraph Paddling information.
Mead, Margaret. Eskimo Life a Century Ago. The Beaver, Autumn 1980, pp 2-11.
Ed note: Includes photos by Guy Mary-Rosselière. Thanks to Clayton Klein, Cold Summer Wind.
Mégret, Jean; edited by Lynda Holland, photographs by Lois Dalby. Benasni, ... , Mémento, Memento: Forty Years with the Dene, Holland-Dalby Educational Consulting, La Ronge (1996).
Ed note: Mégret was stationed mostly in Saskatchewan but spent several years in Brochet; his story transcends political boundaries.
Morse, Eric W. Freshwater Saga: Memoirs of a Lifetime of Wilderness Canoeing in Canada. University of Toronto Press, Toronto (1987). Filed also in the paragraph Paddling information.
Morse, Eric W. Abridged version of Franklin's journal. Unpublished (1970).
Norment, Chris. In the North of Our Lives. Down East Books, Camden (1989).
Ed note: Largely Thelon-specific but of general interest.
Oberholtzer Foundation, The. Toward Magnetic North: The Oberholtzer-Magee 1912 Canoe Journey to Hudson Bay. Jean Replinger, editor and project coordinator. Marshall, Minnesota (2000).
Oberholtzer Foundation.
Book review by Patrick Carroll: ... orth.shtml
Oswalt, Wendell H. Caribou Eskimo without Caribou.The Beaver, Spring 1961, pp 12-17.
Ed note: Concerns mostly the Inuit living at Eskimo Point (Arviat). Thanks to Clayton Klein's Cold Summer Wind.
Pelly, David F and Christopher C Hanks. The Kazan: Journey into an Emerging Land. Outcrop, Yellowknife (1991). Operation Raleigh, 1988.
Ed note: Kazan-specific but of general interest.
Pelly, David F. The Old Way North: Following the Oberholtzer - Magee Expedition, Minnesota Historical Society Press (2008).
Oberholtzer Foundation:
Pelly, David F. Expedition: An Arctic Journey Through History On George Back's River. Betelgeuse Books, Toronto (1981).
Ed note: Back-specific but of general interest.
Pelly, David F. Thelon: A River Sanctuary. Canadian Recreational Canoeing Association, Merrickville (1996).
Ed note: Thelon-specific but of general interest.
Perkins, Robert F. Into the Great Solitude; An Arctic Journey. Henry Holt & Co., New York; Fitzhenry & Whiteside Ltd., Markham (1991).
Ed note: Back-specific but of general interest.
Perkins, Robert F. Video Into the great solitude. New Film Company: ,
Ed note: Back-specific but of general interest.
Pike, Warburton. The Barren Ground Of Northern Canada. MacMillan, New York and London (1892). Book Jungle (2009).
Powell-Williams, Clive. Cold Burial: A True Story of Endurance and Disaster. St Martins Press, New York (2002).
Ed notes:
1. The deaths at Hornby’s cabin on the Thelon.
2. Reviewed by Michael Peake in Che-Mun, Outfit 111, Winter 2003, page 8.
Raffan, James. Summer North of Sixty: by Paddle and Portage across the Barren Lands. Key Porter Books, Toronto (1990).
Route: Munn Lake, Margaret Lake, Back Lake, Aylmer Lake, Glowworm Lake, Pellatt Lake, Contwoyto Lake, Kathawachaga Lake, Bathurst Inlet.
Richardson, John. Arctic Ordeal. Edited by C Stuart Houston. McGill-Queen's University Press (1984).
Robertson, Heather. Measuring Mother Earth: How Joe the Kid Became Tyrrell of the North. McClelland and Stewart, Toronto (2007).
Ross. Gillies W. On the Barren Grounds. The Beaver, Autumn 1968, pp 48-53. Windy River post, South Henik Lake, Maguse River, Eskimo Point (Arviat since 1 June 1989). Thanks to Clayton Klein's Cold Summer Wind.
Steele, Peter. The Man Who Mapped the Arctic: The intrepid life of George Back, Franklin’s Lieutenant. Raincoat Books, Vancouver (2003).
Ed comment: The first part of the title looks to me to be a bit over the top.
Sperry, John R. Igloo Dwellers Were My Church. Bayeux Arts, Calgary and Outcrop Communications, Yellowknife (2001).
Stewart, Andrew McLean. PhD thesis Caribou Inuit Settlement Response ... .University of California at Santa Barbara, 1993.
Ed notes:
1. Kazan-specific but of general interest.
2. Available to academic users from .
3. Stewart was a member of Operation Raleigh, 1988.
Stewart, A; T M Friesen, D Keith and L Henderson. Archaeology and Oral History of Inuit Land Use on the Kazan River, Nunavut: A Feature-based Approach. Arctic, v. 53, No. 3, September 2000, pp 260-278. , but 15.36 Mb.
Ed note: Kazan-specifc but of general interest.
Tester, Frank J and Peter Kulchyski. Tammarniit (Mistakes): Inuit Relocation in the Eastern Arctic 1939-63. University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver (1994).
Ed notes:
1. I was told by an Innu (her mother was a survivor of the Garry Lake famine) in Rankin Inlet that "Mistakes" is not the correct translation of "Tammarniit"; unfortunately I did not ask for the correct one.
2. A host of related books is provided at ... f9N3jdsp4C
Tyrrell, James Williams. Journal of his 1893 trip across the Barrenlands.
Route (modern names and spellings): Toronto, …, Edmonton, Athabasca (30 May, 1893), Fort McMurray, Fort Chipewyan, Lake Athabasca, Fond du Lac, Selwyn Lake, Dubawnt River, Beverly Lake, Baker Lake, Chesterfield Inlet, Churchill, York Factory, Oxford House, Norway House, West Selkirk (1 January, 1894) and the railway.
Tyrrell, Joseph Burr. The Barren Lands of Canada. Article 2 of Recent Explorations in Canada, Ottawa Naturalist, Vol. X., No. 11, Ottawa, March, 1897, pp 203-207.
Tyrrell, Joseph Burr. Report on the Doobaunt, Kazan and Ferguson Rivers and the north-west ... . S E Dawson, Ottawa (1897). Available on microfiche at some libraries.
van den Steenhoven, Geert. Ennadai Lake People 1955. The Beaver, Spring 1968, pp 12-18.
Ed note: Kazan-specific but of general interest.
Webster, Deborah Kigjugalik. Harvaqtuurmiut Heritage: The Heritage of the Inuit of the Lower Kazan River.
Ed note: Kazan-specific but of general interest.

General information, online.
Baker Lake - Inuit Heritage Centre.
Early Canadiana Online.
Geographical Names of Canada.
Parks Canada. Fall Caribou Crossing National Historic Site. Government of Canada; Canadian Heritage - Parks Canada; National Historic Sites; New Parks North; March 1998.
Ed note: The content is Kazan-specific but is nevertheless of more general interest.
Tyrrell and related collections, University of Toronto.
Thorpe, Natasha; Naikak Hakongak, Sanda Eyegotok and Qitirmiut Elders. Tukto and Nogak Project. A Caribou Chronicle. The West Kitikmeot / Slave Study Society, Yellowknife (2001). ... k_2001.pdf

Nunavut Parks.
Government site.
Wikipedia site.

Paddling clubs and associations.

Links for paddlers.
Canadian Canoe Museum.
Our Canoeing Heritage. ... e-mainhtml
Canadian Heritage Rivers System.
Coppermine (nominated), Kazan, Soper and Thelon.
I Speak for Canadian Rivers.
Canadian Rivers Network. ... twork.html
Google maps.
Google Earth.
Great Canadian Rivers.
Trans Canada Trail.
Links specific to Nunavut.
Nunavut rivers.
Nunavut lakes. ... da#Nunavut

Government links for paddlers.
Canadian Hydrographic Service; Nautical Charts and Publications.
Canadian Hydrographic Service; Tides, Currents and Water Levels.
Region 2: Arctic.
Map boundaries: Westing: 55 to 145 degrees; Northing: 60 to 85 degrees. ... h&region=2
Region 3; Hudson Bay.
Map boundaries: Westing: 64 to 97 degrees; Northing: 50 to 65 degrees. ... h&region=3
Canadian Hydrographic Service; Tide predictions
Volume 4; Arctic Ocean and Hudson Bay. ... able.shtml
Canadian Hydrographic Service; Current tables.
Volume 4; Arctic Ocean and Hudson Bay. ... nt-eng.asp
Natural Resources Canada; Topographical maps. (Toporama)
Real-time Hydrometric Data.
Information about Lifejackets and PFDs from the Safe Boating Guide. ... 24.htm#lj1
Lifejackets & PFDs. ... u-1692.htm
Minimum Safety Equipment Required for the Size and Type of your Pleasure Craft. ... nu-690.htm
NB: In the case of any discrepancy between the information on this page and the Small Vessel Regulations, the formal regulatory text shall remain the final authority.
Formal regulatory text / Small Vessel Regulations. ... 1-eng.html
Links specific to Nunavut.
Nunavut Tourism.
Nunavut Interactive Map.
Interactive map with many layers to choose from, including
drainage basins,
archaeological sites,
caribou, polar bear, seal and walrus areas
Nunavut weather. ... html?id=NU
Marine weather; Western Arctic. ... l?mapID=05
Marine weather; Eastern Arctic. ... l?mapID=06

US links for paddlers.
ALLAN: Any of this relevant to NU?
US National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency: ... nce_Agency
NGA Maritime Safety Information.
NGA Digital Nautical Chart.
NGA Maritime Domain Contact Listing. ... ID=Article
NGA Global Shoreline Data Set. ... ID=Article
ALLAN: Anything for NU?
Tide Height and Current Speed Predictor.

Paddling and related information, offline.
Ed note: This paragraph provides general information only; sources specific to rivers are provided elsewhere.
Arctic Cairn Notes; Canoeists' Reflections on the Hanbury-Thelon and Kazan Rivers. Betelgeuse Books, Toronto (1997).
Kanawa. Canada's Paddling Magazine. Published quarterly by Paddle Canada.
Go Trekkers. Maps for sale.
Auyuittuq National Park.
Quttinirpaaq National Park.
Sirmilik National Park.
Ukkusiksalik National Park. ... ions&show=
Klein, Clayton, with Darrell Klein. Cold Summer Wind. Wilderness Adventure Books, Lansing (1985). A great read, describing six trips, but with contrived dialogue; contains an excellent bibliography, including about two dozen citations to articles in The Beaver.
McCreadie, Mary. Canoeing Canada’s Northwest Territories: A Paddler’s Guide. Canadian Recreational Canoeing Association, Merrickville (1995). Written before the split so includes Nunavut rivers also. Best winter reading I know; no home should be without it.
Morse, Eric W. Freshwater Saga: Memoirs of a Lifetime of Wilderness Canoeing in Canada. University of Toronto Press, Toronto (1987).

Paddling information, online.
Thread opened by downnorth in CCR's Northwest Territories Forum. ... 23&t=37027
cartespleinair (Charles Leduc library).
then Canot, then Cartes (reports) or Canorama (overiew).
If you use any of the information supplied at cartespleinair, please consider making a contribution to the Fonds pour la Préservation des Rivières (FQCK) at
Che-Mun. The Journal of Canadian Wilderness Canoeing.
Ed note: Issues are available online two quarters after publication.
Nastawgan. Published quarterly by the Wilderness Canoe Association.
To view the Index, go to
Once there, select a Category (for example Trip information).
To view the Archives, go to ... pubCode=NJ ;
digitization of the database is incomplete and the Search features are not useful.
Out There.
The canoe-related Route information is largely under Adventure/Sports but you might want to look at other folders.
Links specific to Nunavut.
None at present.
Ed note: See the paragraph Paddlers' sites.

Paddlers' sites.
Ed notes:
1. Please inform me of omissions.
2. I post links to reports at these sites, but only sporadically.
Borealis Paddling Expeditions.
Andy Breckenridge. ... outme.html
Gail Ferris.
R K Groff.
Gerald Guay.
Ray and Jenny Jardine.
Rolf and Debra Kraiker. (Blazing Paddles) ... /index.htm
Ed Labenski. (Northern Waterways)
Nestor Lewyckyj. ... 202004.htm
Ted Parker.
Christian Roux.
Jim Rutzick. (Traditional Arctic Kayaks)
Katherine Suboch.
Shipp Webb.